Ein Bericht über wirtschaftliche Mängel in #Kuba, bezahlt von denjenigen, die sie verursachen

#CubaVsBlockade

José Manzaneda, Koordinator von Cubainformación: Medien und Agenturen erwähnen einen «Bericht über den Stand der sozialen Rechte» in Kuba, vorgelegt von der sogenannten kubanischen Beobachtungsstelle für Menschenrechte, in dem es heißt, dass sich die «Armut» auf der Insel «seit Januar verdoppelt hat» (1) (2) Eine NGO, ein Bericht mit Statistiken (3). Klingt seriös, nicht wahr?

Schauen wir mal. Zunächst einmal ist dieser «Bericht» kein Bericht. Es handelt sich um eine einfache Erhebung von Stichproben, bei der – so lesen wir – «die Wahrnehmungen» (Wahrnehmungen, nicht empirische Daten) von 1.200 Personen über ein «Beobachternetz» auf der Insel (4) gesammelt wurden. Und aus wem besteht dieses «Beobachternetz»? Wir verraten es Ihnen: Es sind Mitglieder der so genannten kubanischen «Dissidenten“. Eine Umfrage also mit einer absoluten ideologischen Voreingenommenheit und ohne den geringsten wissenschaftlichen Wert.

Die Studie «stellt fest», dass in diesen Monaten der Pandemie ein drastischer Rückgang der Familieneinkommens in Kuba sowie der Ernährungs- oder Gesundheitsindikatoren zu verzeichnen ist: eine Binsenweisheit, wenn wir berücksichtigen, dass dieses Tourismusland seit März keinerlei Einnahmen aus dem Tourismus hat (5).

Darüber hinaus sind die realen Engpässe der kubanischen Bevölkerung, schon vor der Pandemie, kein Geheimnis, das diese Umfrage lüftet (6). Sie verschweigt die strukturelle Ursache, die dem zugrunde liegt: die Blockade der USA, die einem armen Land wie Kuba allein im vergangenen Jahr Verluste in Höhe von fünf Milliarden US-Dollar verursacht hat (7).

Eine Blockade, die auch in Medien- und Agenturberichten verschwiegen wird. Sie zensieren darüber hinaus einen weiteren Aspekt, vielleicht den wichtigsten, um das Wesen dieses «Berichts» zu verstehen: nämlich, wer dafür bezahlt.

Es handelt sich dabei um den US-Dienst National Endowment for Democracy (NED) und die US-Agentur für Internationale Entwicklung (USAID). Das heißt, die Regierung der Vereinigten Staaten. Das NED hat in den letzten vier Jahren 454 Tausend Dollar an die zitierte kubanische Beobachtungsstelle gezahlt (8). Die USAID, nur in diesem Jahr, 127 Tausend (9).

Deshalb wurde der Bericht von demjenigen vorgelegt, der ihn bezahlt: USAID-Chef John Barsa (10) höchstselbst, der das «kommunistische System» (11) in Kuba und seine «gescheiterte Wirtschaftspolitik» zu Schuldigen für alle Übel erklärte.

Nicht die geringste Erwähnung fanden natürlich die 130 neuen Sanktionen seiner Regierung gegen die kubanische Wirtschaft in den letzten zwei Jahren, 50 davon in Zeiten einer Pandemie (12). Auch nicht die Treibstoffkrise auf der Insel, aufgrund der Einschüchterung von Reedereien (12). Ebensowenig das Verbot von Reisen, Kreuzfahrten und Einkäufen, das die Einnahmen aus dem Tourismus weiter verringert hat (13). Nicht das Verbot von Überweisungen nach Kuba (14) oder das Helms-Burton-Gesetz, das ausländische Investitionen einschränkt (15). Der Bericht, wie maßgeschneidert für das Weiße Haus, kommt zu dem Schluss, dass die Mängel in Kuba – hören Sie gut hin – zurückzuführen sind auf das Fehlen von «Reformen (…), um einen Wohlfahrtsstaat aufrechtzuerhalten“ (16).

Fassen wir die Methode zusammen. Die Regierung, die die Wirtschaft Kubas blockiert, bezahlt eine NGO – aus Madrid, oder besser aus Miami – um einen Bericht über die wirtschaftlichen Probleme des kubanischen Volkes zu erstellen. Die NGO wiederum bezahlt Mitglieder von «Dissidenten»-Gruppen auf der Insel, um Menschen in ihrer Umgebung zu befragen. Die Studie wird das Wort «Blockade» nicht ein einziges Mal erwähnen und alle Probleme auf die kubanische Regierung schieben.

Dies wird von zahlreichen Konzernmedien sowie von einer Vielzahl digitaler Medien, die ebenfalls von Washington finanziert werden, verbreitet werden (17) (18). Zwei Beispiele: Diario de Cuba und Cubanet haben in vier Jahren jeweils 1.300.000 Dollar aus US-Bundesmitteln erhalten (19).

Mit diesem Bericht und den veröffentlichten Nachrichten können sich die «Dissidenten»-Organisationen in den USA und Europa dann für mehr Sanktionen gegen Kuba einsetzen und damit die Wirtschaft des Landes noch stärker absaufen lassen (20). Damit sie im nächsten «Bericht» dann wieder die niedrigen Gehälter oder den Mangel an Medikamenten auf der Insel anprangern können.

In Kuba gibt es angesehene Forschungsinstitute, die wahrheitsgetreue Berichte über Armut, Ungleichheit, Rassismus oder geschlechtsspezifische Gewalt erstellen, wie das Zentrum für psychologische und soziologische Forschung (CIPS) (21). Diese Zentren wenden bestätigte wissenschaftliche Methoden an, mit umfangreichen und repräsentativen Stichproben, und machen auch Kritik und Veränderungsvorschläge. Änderungsvorschläge aus Havanna. Und nicht… aus Washington.

Grafik- und Videobearbeitung: Esther Jávega.

(1)  http://eldiadezamora.es/art/30765/la-pobreza-se-duplica-en-cuba-desde-enero

(2)  https://diarioelgobierno.pe/mundo/avanza-la-pobreza-en-cuba-21-de-familias-vive-con-menos-de-us-20-al-dia/

(3)  https://www.europapress.es/internacional/noticia-hogares-ingresos-bajos-duplican-cuba-enero-21-vive-menos-20-dolares-mes-20201028180911.html

(4)  https://derechossocialescuba.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Factsheet_ODS_Oct_20_8.pdf

(5)  https://www.eldiario.es/economia/cuba-reapertura-fronteras-turismo-covid-19_1_5990458.html

(6)  http://www.cubadebate.cu/noticias/2020/10/28/ministro-de-economia-cuba-avanza-en-la-implementacion-de-la-estrategia-economico-social/#.X6UIKlCCHcs

(7)  https://eldia.com.do/cuba-pierde-us5-mil-millones-por-bloqueo-de-eu/

(8)  http://cubamoneyproject.com/2020/10/13/ned-23-million-in-cuba-grants-under-trump/

(9)  http://cubamoneyproject.com/2020/10/12/usaid-awards-2-6-million-in-cuba-grants/

(10)       https://www.facebook.com/observacuba/videos/373113503841185/

(11)       https://cubanosporelmundo.com/2020/10/29/sistema-comunista-cuba-usaid/

(12)       http://www.granma.cu/cuba/2020-10-22/informe-sobre-las-afectaciones-del-bloqueo-a-cuba-del-ano-2020-22-10-2020-11-10-55

(13)       https://www.elperiodico.com/es/internacional/20191010/cuba-crisis-combustible-diaz-canel-7674833

(14)       https://www.elperiodico.com/es/internacional/20201031/cuba-remesas-cierre-western-union-8182998

(15)       https://www.elmundo.es/baleares/2020/11/04/5fa2e8e0fdddffc1428b4655.html

(16)       http://www.cubalibredigital.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=37340:la-pobreza-se-duplico-en-cuba-en-la-primera-mitad-de-2020-segun-informe-del-ocdh&catid=1:principal&Itemid=21

(17)       https://diariodecuba.com/derechos-humanos/1603909094_26027.html

(18)       https://adncuba.com/noticias-de-cuba/actualidad/la-pobreza-en-cuba-se-ha-duplicado-en-solo-seis-meses-segun-encuesta

(19)       http://cubamoneyproject.com/2020/10/13/ned-23-million-in-cuba-grants-under-trump/

(20)       https://www.europapress.es/internacional/noticia-observatorio-cubano-ddhh-reclama-ue-acciones-contundentes-contra-gobierno-isla-20201005104205.html

(21)       http://www.cips.cu/

Un rapporto sulle carenze economiche a #Cuba pagato da chi le causa

#CubaVsBlockade

José Manzaneda, coordinatore di Cubainformacion

Traduzione: Francesco Monterisi

Media e agenzie ci parlano di un «Rapporto sullo stato dei Diritti Sociali» a Cuba, presentato dal cosiddetto Osservatorio Cubano per i Diritti Umani, in cui si afferma che la «povertà» sull’isola «è raddoppiata da gennaio» (1) (2). Una ONG, un rapporto con statistiche (3). Sembra una cosa seria. O no?

Vediamo. Prima di tutto, questo «rapporto» non è un rapporto. E’ una semplice indagine, a campionamento casuale, che -leggiamo- “raccoglie le percezioni” (percezioni, non dati empirici) di 1200 persone, attraverso “una rete di osservatori” nell’isola (4). E da chi è composta questa «rete di osservatori»? Ve lo diciamo: sono membri della cosiddetta «dissidenza» cubana. Un’indagine, quindi, con un pregiudizio ideologico assoluto e senza minimo valore scientifico.

Lo studio ci «svela» che, in questi mesi di pandemia, c’è stata una drastica diminuzione del reddito familiare a Cuba, così come degli indicatori nutrizionali o sanitari: una conclusione lapalissiana, se teniamo conto che questo paese turistico ha, da marzo, zero entrate dal turismo (5).

Inoltre, le reali carenze della popolazione cubana, già prima della pandemia, non sono un segreto che svela questa indagine (6). Che tace su quale è l’elemento strutturale che sta alla sua radice: il blocco USA che, solo nell’ultimo anno, ha causato perdite per 5 miliardi di $ ad un paese povero come Cuba (7).

Un blocco taciuto, anche, negli articoli dei media e delle agenzie. Che censurano, inoltre, un altro aspetto, forse il più importante per capire l’essenza di questo «rapporto»: chi lo paga.

Sono il National Endowment for Democracy (NED) e l’Agenzia USA per lo Sviluppo Internazionale (USAID). Cioè, il governo USA. La NED, negli ultimi quattro anni, ha donato 454mila $ al già citato Osservatorio Cubano (8). L’USAID, solo quest’anno, 127mila (9).

Per questo il Rapporto è stato presentato da chi lo paga: lo stesso capo dell’USAID, John Barsa (10), che ha dichiarato colpevole di tutti i mali il «sistema comunista» di Cuba e la sua «politica economica fallita» (11).

Nemmeno il minimo accenno, ovviamente, alle 130 nuove sanzioni del suo governo contro l’economia cubana negli ultimi due anni, 50 delle quali in tempo di pandemia (12). Alla crisi del carburante nell’isola a causa della persecuzione delle compagnie di navigazione (12). Al divieto di viaggi, crociere ed acquisti, che ha ulteriormente ridotto le entrate dal turismo (13). Alla chiusura dell’invio delle rimesse (14), o alla legge Helms-Burton, che interrompe gli investimenti esteri (15). Il rapporto, un abito su misura della Casa Bianca, conclude che le carenze di Cuba sono dovute -ascoltate bene- alla mancanza di «riforme (…) affinché ci sia uno stato di benessere» (16).

Riassumendo il meccanismo. Il governo che blocca l’economia cubana paga una ONG -di Madrid, meglio che di Miami- per fare un rapporto sulle carenze economiche del popolo cubano. L’ONG, a sua volta, paga i membri dei gruppi «dissidenti» dell’isola che effettueranno indagini sulle persone intorno a loro. Lo studio non menzionerà nemmeno una volta la parola «blocco» ed attribuirà la colpa di tutti i problemi al governo cubano.

Sarà diffuso da vari media aziendali, nonché da uno sciame di media digitali, anch’essi finanziati da Washington (17) (18). Due esempi: Diario de Cuba e Cubanet hanno ricevuto, ciascuno, in 4 anni, 1300000 $ di fondi federali (19).

Con il rapporto e le notizie pubblicate, le organizzazioni “dissidenti” faranno pressioni per chiedere maggiori sanzioni contro Cuba negli USA ed in Europa e, quindi, soffocare, ancora più, l’economia del paese (20). Per, nel prossimo «rapporto», tornare a denunciare i bassi salari o la carenza di medicinali nell’isola.

A Cuba ci sono prestigiosi centri di ricerca che realizzano veri rapporti su povertà, disuguaglianza, razza o violenza di genere, come il Centro d’Indagine Psicologica e Sociologica (CIPS) (21). Che applicano metodologie veramente scientifiche, con estesi e rappresentativi campioni, e presentano, inoltre, critiche e proposte di cambiamento. Cambiamenti dall’Avana. E non … da Washington.

  1. http://eldiadezamora.es/art/30765/la-pobreza-se-duplica-en-cuba-desde-enero
  2. https://diarioelgobierno.pe/mundo/avanza-la-pobreza-en-cuba-21-de-familias-vive-con-menos-de-us-20-al-dia/
  3. https://www.europapress.es/internacional/noticia-hogares-ingresos-bajos-duplican-cuba-enero-21-vive-menos-20-dolares-mes-20201028180911.html
  4. https://derechossocialescuba.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Factsheet_ODS_Oct_20_8.pdf
  5. https://www.eldiario.es/economia/cuba-reapertura-fronteras-turismo-covid-19_1_5990458.html
  6. http://www.cubadebate.cu/noticias/2020/10/28/ministro-de-economia-cuba-avanza-en-la-implementacion-de-la-estrategia-economico-social/#.X6UIKlCCHcs
  7. https://eldia.com.do/cuba-pierde-us5-mil-millones-por-bloqueo-de-eu/
  8. http://cubamoneyproject.com/2020/10/13/ned-23-million-in-cuba-grants-under-trump/
  9. http://cubamoneyproject.com/2020/10/12/usaid-awards-2-6-million-in-cuba-grants/
  10. https://www.facebook.com/observacuba/videos/373113503841185/
  11. https://cubanosporelmundo.com/2020/10/29/sistema-comunista-cuba-usaid/
  12. http://www.granma.cu/cuba/2020-10-22/informe-sobre-las-afectaciones-del-bloqueo-a-cuba-del-ano-2020-22-10-2020-11-10-55
  13. https://www.elperiodico.com/es/internacional/20191010/cuba-crisis-combustible-diaz-canel-7674833
  14. https://www.elperiodico.com/es/internacional/20201031/cuba-remesas-cierre-western-union-8182998
  15. https://www.elmundo.es/baleares/2020/11/04/5fa2e8e0fdddffc1428b4655.html
  16. http://www.cubalibredigital.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=37340:la-pobreza-se-duplico-en-cuba-en-la-primera-mitad-de-2020-segun-informe-del-ocdh&catid=1:principal&Itemid=21
  17. https://diariodecuba.com/derechos-humanos/1603909094_26027.html
  18. https://adncuba.com/noticias-de-cuba/actualidad/la-pobreza-en-cuba-se-ha-duplicado-en-solo-seis-meses-segun-encuesta
  19. http://cubamoneyproject.com/2020/10/13/ned-23-million-in-cuba-grants-under-trump/
  20. https://www.europapress.es/internacional/noticia-observatorio-cubano-ddhh-reclama-ue-acciones-contundentes-contra-gobierno-isla-20201005104205.html
  21. http://www.cips.cu/

Solidaridad con Cuba este fin de semana

Hagamos que el 2021 sea el año en que derrotamos el Bloqueo de Estados Unidos contra #Cuba

#NoMásBloqueo  #UnblockCuba

Este fin de semana tendremos concierto Online y via webinar conferencias internacionales con especialistas de Cuba, Estados Unidos, Canadá y Puerto Rico.

Digamos bien alto ¡NO MÁS BLOQUEO¡

U.S. trade embargo causes 144 bln USD in losses for Cuban economy

BlockadeOfUsAgainstCuba

CubaVsBlokade

Cuban Foreign Affairs Minister Bruno Rodriguez holds a press conference in Havana, Cuba, Oct. 22, 2020. The U.S. trade embargo against Cuba has caused more than 144 billion U.S. dollars in losses for the Caribbean nation’s economy in the past six decades, Rodriguez said on Thursday. (Photo by Joaquin Hernandez/Xinhua)

Xinhua

HAVANA, Oct. 22 (Xinhua) — The U.S. trade embargo against Cuba has caused more than 144 billion U.S. dollars in losses for the Caribbean nation’s economy in the past six decades, Cuban Foreign Affairs Minister Bruno Rodriguez said on Thursday.

The burden of mounting financial, economic and trade sanctions, «for a small economy like Cuba’s, is an overwhelming burden,» Rodriguez said at a press conference presenting the government’s latest tally of the losses.

The embargo violates human rights and international law, has a negative impact on the whole world, violates rules of trade and navigation, goes against multilateralism, and lacks any moral justification, he said.

The blockade, as Cubans call the embargo, because it effectively blocks the island from doing business with other countries, is «an act of genocide and economic warfare» that causes great suffering to the Cuban people and seeks to strangle the national economy by impacting all sectors, he added.

In addition, the sanctions restrict freedom of travel between the two nations, as well as communication, visas and family reunions, said Rodriguez.

In the past two years, the blockade has reached unprecedented levels and increased its extraterritorial reach, violating not just Cuban sovereignty, but also the rights of other nations and citizens around the globe, he noted.

«Not a week goes by without some new additional measure against Cuba and its population being issued in Washington,» said Rodriguez.

As a consequence of the sanctions, it costs Cuba about 2 billion U.S. dollars a year to import food, more than double the actual price, he added.

Between April 2019 and March 2020, the blockade caused a record 5.57 billion U.S. dollars in economic losses, said the official.

Biotechnology, prevention and vaccine: Cuba’s weapons to combat Covid-19, under the United States blockade

Among other measures, the United States banned at least 20 flights carrying supplies and equipment to Cuba, including protective masks, a Covid-19 test kit, respirators and chemical supplies necessary to produce equipment. Now, in early September, Trump has announced the extension of the lockdown measures for one more year.

Members of the #US #Congress support #Cuba facing #Covid-19

Published by Alma

By Prensa Latina

At least 25 members of the United States Congress signed today a letter urging the government of their country to allow Cuba access to medical equipment and the necessary collaboration to fight Covid-19.

Senator Patrick Leahy and Representative Jim McGovern, both Democrats, are leading the initiative through a letter sent to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin.

In the text they urge to certify that United States policy does not prevent the sending of medical equipments to Cuba to face the pandemic.

They stressed that in an unprecedented emergency like this one caused by a deadly virus so easily transmitted, public health and safety must take priority.

The members of the US Legislative recalled that the island is already suffering from an acute shortage of food and medicine (due to the economic, financial and commercial siege imposed by Washington on the Caribbean country for more than six decades), which is now aggravated by Covid-19 .

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#USA against #Cuba: Silenced truths and mercenary campaigns

Published by Alma

While the U.S. government has yet to say a word about the attack on Cuba’s embassy in Washington, more funds to attack Cuban medical collaboration were approved. Photo: AFP

By

Since January 1, 1959, countless terrorist actions have been planned, financed and executed against Cuba by U.S. special services and their mercenaries, who, on orders from the White House, have left a trail of horror and blood in their wake.

They have committed these attacks using a complete arsenal: armed infiltration, biological warfare, sabotage, planting of explosive devices, burning of schools and warehouses, kidnappings, including the non plus ultra of atrocity, the explosion of a civilian aircraft in mid-air.

Among the horrific pages of this ferocity, we remember the introduction of dengue hemorrhagic fever, a disease that left 150 victims, including 101 children. Introducing the virus was not enough: Cuba was denied access to a U.S. made chemical product and equipment to eliminate the vector spreading the disease, the Aedes aegypti mosquito.

In the 90s, the CIA introduced more than 30 explosive devices in Cuba, of which 11 exploded in tourist facilities; while outside the island, our embassies were targeted.

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#Turkish #press highlights: «#Cuba better placed than many nations to fight pandemic”.

Published by Alma

By Cubaminrex

Ankara.- The Anadolu Press Agency, the main one in Turkey, published today, under headlines, a full article which highlighted the various reasons why Cuba is in the best conditions to fight in many countries against COVID-19.

The work underscored the Cuban medical contribution to face the pandemic in Italy and in 20 other countries around the world; the great development of the health of Cuba thanks to the policies of its Socialist Revolution and its leader Fidel Castro and the evolution of the use of its advances against the new coronavirus in China and other countries. It also highlighted the offer of medical aid in the United States when the scourge of Hurricane Katrina, which, although it was rejected, had an experience of support against epidemics such as Ebola in Africa and cholera in Haiti or after earthquakes in several countries; and the award-winning work of more than 400,000 health specialists in 164 countries.

After commenting on the Cuban perspective regarding the criticism from the United States government against this cooperation, the article emphasized how the US blockade was maintained despite the pandemic and regardless of the various demands for its lifting. It echoed the statement of the Cuban Ministry of Foreign Relations of April 16, 2020, in particular its complaint about the negative effects of the blockade, since it hindered the acquisition of supplies and medical equipment by Cuba to combat the pandemic.

Following is the full text of the article.

Cuba better placed than many nations to fight pandemic.

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Cuban Government’s social commitment acknowledged in #France

Published by Alma

By Prensa Latina

The Association Cuba Cooperation France (CubaCoop) on Thursday acknowledged the Cuban Government’s commitment to education, health care and other social sectors, despite the impact of the tightening of the US blockade.

Cuba’s budget this year continues to prioritize social needs, said CubaCoop, founded in 1995 to promote friendship and solidarity with the Caribbean island, in its weekly digital newsletter.

In that regard, it noted that 27.5% of expenditures will go to public health, 23.7% to education, 16.3% to social security and 4.6% to culture and sports.

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